Category: Business

  • Modern plant enzyme partners with surprisingly ancient protein

    Modern plant enzyme partners with surprisingly ancient protein

    Scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory have discovered that a protein responsible for the synthesis of a key plant material evolved much earlier than suspected. This new research explored the origin and evolution of the biochemical machinery that builds lignin, a structural component of plant cell walls with significant impacts…

  • Global life expectancy to increase by nearly 5 years by 2050 despite geopolitical, metabolic, and environmental threats

    Global life expectancy to increase by nearly 5 years by 2050 despite geopolitical, metabolic, and environmental threats

    The latest findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) 2021, published today in The Lancet, forecast that global life expectancy will increase by 4.9 years in males and 4.2 years in females between 2022 and 2050. Increases are expected to be largest in countries where life expectancy is lower, contributing to a convergence…

  • Better medical record-keeping needed to fight antibiotic overuse

    Better medical record-keeping needed to fight antibiotic overuse

    A lack of detailed record-keeping in clinics and emergency departments may be getting in the way of reducing the inappropriate use of antibiotics, a pair of new studies by a pair of University of Michigan physicians and their colleagues suggests. In one of the studies, about 10% of children and 35% of adults who got…

  • A powerful tool speeds success in achieving highly efficient thermoelectric materials

    A powerful tool speeds success in achieving highly efficient thermoelectric materials

    Thermoelectric materials could play an important role in the clean energy transition, as they can produce electricity from sources of heat that would otherwise go to waste without generating additional greenhouse gases or requiring large up-front investment. But their promise has been slowed by the fact that most current thermoelectric materials don’t efficiently produce enough…

  • Otters, especially females, use tools to survive a changing world

    Otters, especially females, use tools to survive a changing world

    Sea otters are one of the few animals that use tools to access their food, and a new study has found that individual sea otters that use tools — most of whom are female — are able to eat larger prey and reduce tooth damage when their preferred prey becomes depleted. The study researchers and…

  • When saying ‘please’ is more strategic than magic

    When saying ‘please’ is more strategic than magic

    By kindergarten age, most children have been taught that “please” is a magic word. “Please” is an expression of politeness that shows courtesy and respect, turning a potential demand into a request that will — poof! — magically be granted. But a new study on the ways people make requests of one another suggests that…

  • Infertility treatment doubles the risk of postpartum heart disease

    Infertility treatment doubles the risk of postpartum heart disease

    A study by Rutgers Health experts of more than 31 million hospital records shows that infertility treatment patients were twice as likely as those who conceived naturally to be hospitalized with heart disease in the year after delivery. Patients who underwent infertility were particularly likely — 2.16 times as likely as those who conceived naturally…

  • Global methane emissions automatically detected in satellite imagery using AI

    Global methane emissions automatically detected in satellite imagery using AI

    Methane is particularly targeted for curbing greenhouse gas emissions because its significant global-warming potential in the short term exceeds carbon dioxide by over 80-fold. However, monitoring methane emissions and compiling their quantities have been challenging due to limiting trade-offs with existing detection methods. Researchers developed a method to automatically detect methane emissions at a global…

  • Virtual reality becomes more engaging when designers use cinematic tools

    Virtual reality becomes more engaging when designers use cinematic tools

    Cinematography techniques can significantly increase user engagement with virtual environments and, in particular, the aesthetic appeal of what users see in virtual reality. This was the result of a recent study conducted by computer scientists at the University of Helsinki. The results were published in May at the ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing…

  • Just believing that an AI is helping boosts your performance

    Just believing that an AI is helping boosts your performance

    Sometimes it seems like an AI is helping, but the benefit is actually a placebo effect — people performing better simply because they expect to be doing so — according to new research from Aalto University in Finland. The study also shows how difficult it is to shake people’s trust in the capabilities of AI…